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JDBC操作Mysql数据库

JDBC(Java Database Connectivity)

今天简单地操作数据库使用起JDBC竟有些生疏,所以特写一篇博文记录JDBC的基本操作

1.JDBC连接Mysql数据库

先导入Mysql的驱动jar包 之后就可以开始连接了

//把JDBC连接封装在这个方法中
private static Connection getConn() {
    //驱动程序类
    public static final String DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";
    //连接数据库的地址 需要单独记住  数据库名后面是用于消除警告的 
    public static final String URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/数据库名?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8&useSSL=false";
    //连接数据库的用户名
    public static final String USER = "root";
    //连接数据库的密码
    public static final String PASS = ""; 
    Connection conn = null;
    try {
        Class.forName(driver); //classLoader,加载对应驱动
        conn = (Connection) DriverManager.getConnection(url, username, password);
    } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (SQLException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return conn;
}

2.插入数据操作

private static int insert(Student student) {
    Connection conn = getConn();
    int i = 0;
    String sql = "insert into students (Name,Sex,Age) values(?,?,?)";
    PreparedStatement pstmt;
    try {
        pstmt = (PreparedStatement) conn.prepareStatement(sql);
        pstmt.setString(1, student.getName());
        pstmt.setString(2, student.getSex());
        pstmt.setString(3, student.getAge());
        i = pstmt.executeUpdate();
        pstmt.close();
        conn.close();
    } catch (SQLException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return i;
}

3.删除数据操作

    private static int delete(String name) {
    Connection conn = getConn();
    int i = 0;
    String sql = "delete from students where Name='" + name + "'";
    PreparedStatement pstmt;
    try {
        pstmt = (PreparedStatement) conn.prepareStatement(sql);
        i = pstmt.executeUpdate();
        System.out.println("resutl: " + i);
        pstmt.close();
        conn.close();
    } catch (SQLException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return i;
}

4.修改数据操作

    private static int delete(String name) {
    Connection conn = getConn();
    int i = 0;
    String sql = "delete from students where Name='" + name + "'";
    PreparedStatement pstmt;
    try {
        pstmt = (PreparedStatement) conn.prepareStatement(sql);
        i = pstmt.executeUpdate();
        System.out.println("resutl: " + i);
        pstmt.close();
        conn.close();
    } catch (SQLException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return i;
}

5.查询数据操作

    private static Integer getAll() {
    Connection conn = getConn();
    String sql = "select * from students";
    PreparedStatement pstmt;
    try {
        pstmt = (PreparedStatement)conn.prepareStatement(sql);
        ResultSet rs = pstmt.executeQuery();
        int col = rs.getMetaData().getColumnCount();
        System.out.println("============================");
        while (rs.next()) {
            for (int i = 1; i <= col; i++) {
                System.out.print(rs.getString(i) + "\t");
                if ((i == 2) && (rs.getString(i).length() < 8)) {
                    System.out.print("\t");
                }
             }
            System.out.println("");
        }
            System.out.println("============================");
    } catch (SQLException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return null;
}